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The term "3D printing", also known as additive manufacturing, originally referred to a process that deposits a binder material onto a powder bed with inkjet printer heads layer by layer. Recently, it has been used increasingly to include a broader set of additive manufacturing techniques, such as directed energy deposition, material extrusion, material jetting, powder bed fusion, sheet lamination and photopolymerization.
The world has never been more connected and surrounded by ICT. Whether we realize it or not, many aspects of ISO/IEC JTC 1 work affect daily life. From a smart toothbrush, animal tracking collar and household appliances, to health monitoring wearables and smart systems in buildings and transport, the list is endless.
IEC e-tech talked with Ralph Sporer, new IEC Vice-President and Chair of the Standardization Management Board (SMB) during the General Meeting in Vladivostok, Russia. Sporer shared key decisions and expected impact as well as thoughts regarding his first year at the helm of the SMB.
The Open Session of the 81st IEC General Meeting in Vladivostok focused on the geographical and climatic features that influence the requirements and reliability of electrical and electronic devices as well as on the technologies used in the transportation of people and goods within the Russian Federation.
The Internet of Things (IoT) is fast becoming the Internet of everything: the technology is impacting a huge number of sectors, from the transmission and distribution of electricity to the devices we use in our cities and homes. A new all-encompassing joint publication by IEC and ISO establishes a reference architecture for IoT, using a common vocabulary, reusable designs and industry best practices.
The Internet of Things (IoT), increased connectivity and advances in artificial intelligence (AI) technologies, such as algorithms and machine learning are enabling industries to streamline processes, improve efficiency and reduce costs as they become more digitized.
It is a generally accepted notion that we are living in times of rapid change. If, to paraphrase Heraclitus, change is the only constant, then organizations must anticipate areas of possible change and prepare themselves accordingly.
The digitalization of information is underway. It is enabling the use of data to better understand our preferences and provide us with the services that match our needs. At home, the data collected and analyzed ensures that the preferred room temperature is calibrated depending on the occupancy and time of day. Farm animals are monitored from afar to provide the correct quantities of food and water for consumption and guard against illnesses. Manufacturers rely on digital twins to enhance their production capabilities and predict glitches before they occur. Information is being gathered, analyzed and applied to improve experiences in all parts of our lives.
Today, manufacturers face the challenge of ensuring global supply chains and delivering global orders on time. Disruptions due to bad weather, strikes or other unforeseen issues, could result in delays or cancellations of component parts. Additionally, machines break down.
Digital twins are virtual replicas of physical objects or systems. They use real-world data to run simulations of situations before actual devices are built and deployed, and predict different outcomes. Manufacturers then use this information to reduce maintenance issues, improve efficiency and production output.
Various analysts put the market estimate at several hundreds of billions US dollars with double digit CAGR growth. Much of this growth is being fuelled by the digitalization of the sector as emerging IT technologies such AI, big data and analytics are improving efficiencies and unlocking insights that would otherwise be unattainable.
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